Haloalkanes are the products of:
- reacting a halogen (such as bromine) with hydrocarbons.
- reacting an alcohol with Lucas Reagent (chloroalkanes produced); remember that tertiary alcohols react very quickly, while primary alcohols may not react at all.
- reacting an alcohol with PCl3, PCl5 or SOCl2
Haloalkanes can be converted into:
- alkenes, using NaOH (or KOH) dissolved in alcohol (elimination reaction)
- alcohols, using aqueous NaOH (or KOH) (substitution reaction)
- amines, using excess NH3 (substitution reaction); if you use do not use enough NH3, it will make an amino salt instead, such as ethyl ammonium chloride
For more information about haloalkanes, click HERE (ChemGuide)